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Pillar Candle Instruction Guide
By November 29, 2018 0 Comment

Pillar Candle Instruction Guide

Step-By-Step Guide For The Perfect Pillar Candle

Before beginning your candle making, please familiarise yourself with the fragrance oil chemicals & hazards, & wear the appropriate PPE (ie apron, goggles, gas mask, gloves) as stated on the Safety Data Sheet.

Method for microwave:

1.       Cover all surfaces with kitchen roll or something similar, wax can be a pain to be clean!

2.       Apply gloves

3.       Weigh out desired amount of wax

4.       Pour desired amount of wax into glass jug & set the microwave, checking the wax each 60 seconds

5.       Melt your chosen wax to 80 degrees Celsius, no hotter (for both paraffin & soy)

6.       When your wax reaches 80 degrees, remove your jug from microwave & place on a safe, even, covered surface

7.       Whilst the wax is cooling, it’s a good idea to get the wick in the right position, ready to pour your candle shortly

8.       You need to pull the wick through the pillar mould & secure it either with blue tac / & / or a screw (see images below in our step by step guide)

9.       When your wick is secured at the base of the mould, turn your mould over & use your wick rod to secure the top of the wick, so it remains central & isn’t floating around in molten wax

10.    Use your thermometer to ensure the wax is 70 degrees celsuis (for soy wax) or 75 degrees celsuis (for paraffin wax) before adding your colour & fragrance oil (colour first, then fragrance oil)

11.    Add your desired amount of colour to the melted wax (we recommend 0.2%) at 75 degrees

12.    Also add your fragrance oil at 75 degrees (we recommend using 6% - 10% - fragrance oil should be weighed in grams on your scales)

13.    Give your wax a good stir, ensuring the colour & fragrance are blended with the wax (stir for 2 mins)

14.    Pour your wax into the mould at 60 degrees (soy wax) or 70 degrees (paraffin wax)

15.    As you are pouring the wax, ensure you are pouring gently & slowly to avoid air bubbles, save a small amount of wax (depending on your mould size), we will need that later

16.    Leave your candle to set until it has formed a surface, at this point you need to make some relief holes (see images below in our step by step guide), these need to be positioned around the wick & almost the full length depth of the candle (leaving 1inch un-poked at the base). The amount of holes isn’t important. Relief holes are important to keep the wick central & to avoid the external walls of your pillar candle walls becoming deformed

17.    Reheat the left over wax to 70°C (soy & paraffin wax) & pour the wax into the relief holes until they reach the surface – avoid the wax from seeping to the edges of the candle, this can cause an over-pour on the external walls & an unsightly horizontal seam-line

18.    When you have filled each relief hole, pour a little wax over the surface, ensuring the wax doesn’t reach the mould (to avoid over-pour & seam-line)

19.    Leave your candle to set for the last time

20.    After a few hours your candle should be completely set, so it’s now time to remove it from the mould!

21.    Trim the wick to 5mm, & it’s now ready to light

22.    The best way to clean waxy jugs & bowls is wiping clean with kitchen roll, avoid pouring down the sink or putting items in the dishwasher as this can cause blockages

Method for hob / double boiler:

1.       Cover all surfaces with kitchen roll or something similar, wax can be a pain to be clean!

2.       Apply gloves

3.       Weigh out desired amount of wax

4.       Pour boiling water into a pan until approx. half full & place on the hob, keeping the heat low

5.       Pour your wax into the jug / bowl you are using & place your jug into the water, ensuring no water spills out of the pan & none creeps into your jug with the wax

6.       Do not leave unattended

7.       Melt wax to 80 degrees Celsius no hotter (for both paraffin & soy)

8.       When wax reaches 80 degrees, remove the bowl / jug from the hob & pour into a heat proof jug. Place the jug on a safe, even, covered surface

9.       Whilst the wax is cooling, it’s a good idea to get the wick in the right position, ready to pour your candle shortly

10.    You need to pull the wick through the pillar mould & secure it either with blue tac / & / or a screw (see images below in our step by step guide)

11.    When your wick is secured at the base of the mould, turn your mould over & use your wick rod to secure the top of the wick, so it remains central & isn’t floating around in molten wax

12.    Use your thermometer to ensure the wax is 70 degrees celsuis (for soy wax) or 75 degrees celsuis (for paraffin wax) before adding your colour & fragrance oil (colour first, then fragrance oil)

13.    Add your desired amount of colour to the melted wax (we recommend 0.2%) at 75 degrees

14.    Also add your fragrance oil at 75 degrees (we recommend using 6% - 10% - fragrance oil should be weighed in grams on your scales)

15.    Give your wax a good stir, ensuring the colour & fragrance are blended with the wax (stir for 2 mins)

16.    Pour your wax into the mould at 60 degrees (soy wax) or 70 degrees (paraffin wax)

17.    As you are pouring the wax, ensure you are pouring gently & slowly to avoid air bubbles, save a small amount of wax (depending on your mould size), we will need that later

18.    Leave your candle to set until it has formed a surface, at this point you need to make some relief holes (see images below in our step by step guide), these need to be positioned around the wick & almost the full length depth of the candle (leaving 1inch un-poked at the base). The amount of holes isn’t important. Relief holes are important to keep the wick central & to avoid the external walls of your pillar candle walls becoming deformed

19.    Reheat the left over wax to 70°C (soy & paraffin wax) & pour the wax into the relief holes until they reach the surface – avoid the wax from seeping to the edges of the candle, this can cause an over-pour on the external walls & an unsightly horizontal seam-line

20.    When you have filled each relief hole, pour a little wax over the surface, ensuring the wax doesn’t reach the mould (to avoid over-pour & seam-line)

21.    Leave your candle to set for the last time

22.    After a few hours your candle should be completely set, so it’s now time to remove it from the mould!

23.    Trim the wick to 5mm, & it’s now ready to light

24.    The best way to clean waxy jugs & bowls is wiping clean with kitchen roll, avoid pouring down the sink or putting items in the dishwasher as this can cause blockages

 

Top tips:

-          Ensure you glue your wick in the centre of the candle glass, otherwise your candle will never burn evenly

-          Stick to the guidance temperatures, don’t rush the process as this will affect the performance

-          Weigh out your wax, fragrance oil & colour to avoid wastage

 

Step By Step Guide: (if you are choosing a different technique head to ‘Techniques’ to customise these guidance notes to your chosen method)

Step 1 – weighing your wax

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-          If you know how much wax you need, please weigh this out on your scales now

-          If you don’t know how much wax you need, a simple & approximate way to find out is by filling your container with water, pouring the water into a measuring jug, if it reads 195ml for instance, you will round up to 200ml & then deduct 20% ( = 160 ) meaning you will need approx. 160g of wax for this container. This can be done with any container & is only an approximate guide.

 

Step 2 – pouring your wax into your microwave safe glass or glass bowl

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-          Pour all of your wax into your glass jug (for microwave method) or your jug (for double boiler method)

-          Pop your jug in the microwave & set for 1 minute on full heat

-          If you are melting in a double boiler, pour your wax into your pouring jug & pop in to your pre-prepared pan with boiling water inside

-          Wait for your wax to melt – do not leave unattended at any point

-          If you are melting using the microwave method we recommend checking on your wax every 60 seconds until it reaches 80 degrees celsuis (soy or paraffin)

 

Step 3 – check your wax!

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-          Here is what you can expect to see during the melting process

-          Use your utensil to stir the wax & return to the microwave for another 60 seconds

-          If you are melting in a double boiler, be sure to keep your eye on the wax, stirring the wax will it allow it to melt slightly quicker, ensure you are maintaining the low heat

 

Step 4 – secure your wick in place 

-        If the wick if frayed, try rolling it in molten wax & creating a point to make it ensure to pull through the hole

-          Tie a knot in your wick rod to keep the wick upright & preventing slacking

-          Turning your mould upside down again, you can use a screw & screw driver (depending on which mould you have) to secure the wick & prevent it from slipping through the hole during this process

-          If you don’t feel you can use a screw, use either mould sealer or blue tac to block the hole where the wick is & hold it in place during our candle-making

-          Now turn over your mould again so it’s upright

 

Step 7 – fragrance & colour your wax

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-          Your wax should be approx. 80 degrees now, so remove it from your double boiler / microwave & allow it to cool

-           When your wax reaches 75 degrees celsuis (for paraffin) or 70 degrees celsuis (for soy), add your chosen colour (do not add colour if you are wanting your candle white/cream) to your bowl/jug - if using a bowl, now is a good time to pour it into a pouring jug in preparation for pouring you candle

-          The more colour you use, the more vibrant the colour, the less you use, the more of a pastel / pale effect you will get

-          Give your wax a good stir for approx. 30 seconds – 1 minute

-          Now you add your fragrance; you can add anywhere from 6% - 10% of fragrance oil to your candle – this is calculated by the amount of wax you have used

-          If you weighed out 100g of wax, it’s best to use 6g – 10g of fragrance oil

-          Pour your oil into the melted wax & stir it in for approx. 1 minute, keeping an eye on the temperature - don’t let it drop to below 70 degrees celsuis (for paraffin) or 60 degrees celsuis (for soy)

 

Step 8 – pouring your candle

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-          Before pouring your candle, ensure you have some kitchen roll or newspaper to protect your surface, this can get messy! Pop your moulds on the surface protector before you pour

-          Your wax should now be either 60 or 70 degrees celsuis (depending what wax you are using); it’s time to pour your candle

-          Holding your jug handle firmly, gently & slowly pour the wax into your pillar mould – remember to leave a small amount of wax spare, we will need this later!

 

Step 9 – waiting, waiting, waiting

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-          Wait until your candle has cooled slightly & has formed a surface, we then need to use a utensil to poke some relief holes. This is very important with pillar candles

-          The relief holes should be positioned around the wick (see image) & should go almost all the way to the bottom of the candle (leave approx. 1 inch un-poked at the bottom)

-          Although the exact number of holes is not important. Without relief holes, you may get air cavities within the candle, the wick may become pulled away from the centre, or the external walls of the candle may become deformed

-          You may need to poke relief holes several times during the cooling process to ensure that the vent remains open & clear. Insuring that they are open will make it possible to fill in the voids on the next step

 

 

Step 10 – re-pour?

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-          Ideally the candle needs to have been setting over-night / all day before completing this next step

-          We need to re-heat the wax we saved from earlier to 70 degrees celsuis & pour at this temperature, slowly filling each of the relief holes until they reach are just below the surface

-          Pouring carelessly over the top of the candle can create a horizontal seam-line on our finished candle, which can look unsightly

-          When all relief holes are filled, carefully pour wax over the surface, ensuring it doesn’t reach the mould (over-filling can cause the wax to seep between the mould & candle, which doesn’t look great)

 

Step 10 – remove your candle from the mould

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