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Candle Making – Father’s Day Present

Follow this simple guide to make the best Father’s Day present!

Before beginning your candle making, please familiarise yourself with the fragrance oil chemicals & hazards, & wear the appropriate PPE (ie apron, goggles, gas mask, gloves) as stated on the Safety Data Sheet.

This kit contains:

  • 800g of your chosen wax (soy wax or paraffin wax)
  • 50ml of your chosen fragrance oil
  • 5 x 20cl candle glasses
  • 10 of your chosen wicks (LX 16 for paraffin wax or TCR 27/16)
  • Thermometer
  • 2 grams of colour dye chips
  • 5 x wick dots
  • 5 x candle safety stickers

You will need to provide:

  • Microwave, hob or hot plate
  • Glass heat resistant jug or pan & glass bowl
  • Weighing scales
  • Cup or mug
  • Pegs (to keep the wicks straight during the setting period)
  • Utensil to stir wax

Step By Step Guide: (if you are choosing a different technique head to ‘Techniques’ to customise these guidance notes to your chosen method)

 

Step 1 – weighing your wax

  • fill a glass/cup/mug with wax & place on scales
  • ensure approx. 80g of wax is in your container
  Step 2 – pouring your wax into your microwave safe glass or glass bowl

 

  • Pour all of your wax into your glass jug (for microwave method) or your glass bowl (for hob method)
  • Pop your jug in the microwave & set for 1 minute on full heat
  • If you are melting on the hob pop your glass bowl on top of your pre-prepared pan with boiling water inside
  • Wait for your wax to melt – do not leave unattended at any point
  • If you are melting using the microwave method we recommend checking on your wax every 60 seconds
  Step 3 – check your wax!

  • Here is what you can expect to see during the melting process
  • Use your utensil to stir the wax & return to the microwave for another 60 seconds
  • If you are melting on the hob, be sure to keep your eye on the wax & stir every 60 seconds whilst maintaining the low heat
  Step 4 – glue your wicks in place

  • Start by removing the peel from the wick dot
  Step 5 – secure your wick on the wick dot

  • Place the base of your candle wick on to the sticky wick dot, this will hold the wick in place
  • Gently peel the wick dot & wick away from the paper sheet
  Step 6 – secure your wick in the candle glass

  • Carefully guide your wick into the candle glass (avoid the sides as the wick dot is super sticky!)
  • Ensure your wick dot & wick are in the middle of the candle glass, this is for safety purposes as well as performance purposes – a candle will never burn evenly if it’s wick isn’t central
   Step 7 – fragrance & colour your wax

  • When your wax reaches 70 degrees celsuis, add your chosen colour (do not add colour if you are wanting your candle white/cream) to your bowl/jug – if using a bowl, now is a good time to pour it into a pouring jug in preparation for pouring you candle
  • The more colour you use, the more vibrant the colour, the less you use, the more of a pastel effect you will get
  • Give your wax a good stir for approx. 30 seconds – 1 minute
  • Now you add your fragrance; you can add anywhere from 6% – 10% of fragrance oil to your candle – this is calculated by the amount of wax you have used
  • If you weighed out 100g of wax, it’s best to use 6g – 10g of fragrance oil
  • Pour your oil into the melted wax & stir it in for approx. 1 minute, keeping an eye on the temperature
   Step 8 – pouring your candle

  • Before pouring your candle, ensure you have some kitchen roll or newspaper to protect your surface, this can get messy! Pop your containers on the surface protector before you pour
  • Your wax should now be making its way towards 60 degrees celsuis, when it reaches 60 degrees, it’s time to pour your candle
  • Holding your jug handle firmly, gently & slowly pour the wax into your candle container (avoiding the sides of the container) – remember to leave a small amount of wax spare, we will need this later!
  Step 9 – waiting, waiting, waiting

  • Your candle is poured, so now we need to make sure the candle wick stays central whilst it’s setting. The easiest way to use this is use a peg to keep the wick central, but you can use a variety of small items, such as a lolly stick
  • Now it’s a waiting game … Leave your candle to set overnight to ensure it is completely set
  Step 10 – re-pour?

  • Before completing step 10 ensure your candle is completely set, ideally over-night.
  • If you have found your candle wax has sunk / dipped on the surface, don’t worry! We saved some wax from earlier! All we need to do is reheat this small amount of wax to 60 degrees celsuis & re-pour it evenly on the surface; this will give your candle a smooth, even finish
  Step 11 – trim the wick

  • At this point, ideally your candle needs to have been setting all night. Now it’s time to trim the wick to approx. 5mm
  Step 12 – finished result

  • Your candle is now ready to light! Well done, you’ve made your first candle!

Method for microwave:

  1. Apply gloves
  2. Weigh out desired amount of wax (80g per candle glass)
  3. Pour desired amount of wax into glass jug & set the microwave, checking the wax each 60 seconds
  4. Melt wax to 80 degrees Celsius, no hotter
  5. When wax reaches 80 degrees, remove from microwave & place on a safe, even, covered surface
  6. Whilst the wax is cooling use your wick glue dots to stick your wicks to the bottom of your candle glass, ensuring they are in the middle
  7. Use your thermometer to ensure the wax is 70 degrees celsuis before adding your colour & fragrance oil
  8. Add your desired amount of colour to the melted wax (we recommend 0.2%) at 70 degrees
  9. Also add your fragrance oil at 70 degrees (we recommend using 6% – 10% – fragrance oil should be weighed in grams on your scales)
  10. Give your wax a good stir, ensuring the colour & fragrance are blended with the wax
  11. If you are using paraffin wax, pour the wax at approx. 70 degrees
  12. If you are using soy wax, pour the wax at approx. 60 degrees
  13. As you are pouring the wax, ensure you are pouring gently & slowly to avoid air bubbles, leave a small amount of wax out of the candle container, we will need that later
  14. Wax naturally shrinks whilst cooling, this will cause a sink hole around the wick in the centre of the candle, don’t panic, this is an unavoidable part of candle making. Allow your candles to cool at room temperature to a point where they appear to be set (a few hours later)
  15. Reheat the left over wax to 65°C and pour into your pouring jug. Gently pour the wax into the sink holes to leave a smooth flat surface.
  16. Trim the wick to 5mm – 10mm, add your candle safety sticker & you’re done – congrats!
  17. The best way to clean waxy jugs & bowls is with warm soapy water

Method for hob/pan:

  1. Apply gloves
  2. Weigh out desired amount of wax (80g per candle glass)
  3. Pour boiling water into a pan until approx. half full & place on the hob, keeping the heat low
  4. Place your glass bowl onto/into the pan (this should sit about the water)
  5. Pour your wax into the glass bowl & allow it to melt – do not leave unattended
  6. Melt wax to 80 degrees Celsius, no hotter
  7. When wax reaches 80 degrees, remove the bowl from the hob & pour into a heat proof jug. Place the jug on a safe, even, covered surface
  8. Whilst the wax is cooling use your wick glue dots to stick your wicks to the bottom of your candle glass, ensuring they are in the middle
  9. Use your thermometer to ensure the wax is 70 degrees celsuis before adding your colour & fragrance oil
  10. Add your desired amount of colour to the melted wax (we recommend 0.2%) at 70 degrees
  11. Also add your fragrance oil at 70 degrees (we recommend using 6% – 10% – fragrance oil should be weighed in grams on your scales)
  12. Give your wax a good stir, ensuring the colour & fragrance are blended with the wax
  13. If you are using paraffin wax, pour the wax at approx. 70 degrees
  14. If you are using soy wax, pour the wax at approx. 60 degrees
  15. As you are pouring the wax, ensure you are pouring gently & slowly to avoid air bubbles, leave a small amount of wax out of the candle container, we will need that later
  16. Wax naturally shrinks whilst cooling, this will cause a sink hole around the wick in the centre of the candle, don’t panic, this is an unavoidable part of candle making. Allow your candles to cool at room temperature to a point where they appear to be set (a few hours later)
  17. Reheat the left over wax to 65°C and pour into your pouring jug. Gently pour the wax into the sink holes to leave a smooth flat surface.
  18. Trim the wick to 5mm – 10mm, add your candle safety sticker & you’re done – congrats!
  19. The best way to clean waxy jugs & bowls is with warm soapy water

 

Top tips:

  • Ensure you glue your wick in the centre of the candle glass, otherwise your candle will never burn evenly
  • Stick to the guidance temperatures, don’t rush the process as this will affect the performance
  • Weigh out your wax, fragrance oil & colour to avoid wastage

Techniques:

If you want to get creative with your candle making, check out a few of our favourite techniques below!

2 colours:

  • Half all of the measurements in step 1 (wax) & step 7 (colour & fragrance)
  • Follow the same instructions, however remember to check the wax every 30 seconds, as it will melt quicker
  • Once you have poured the bottom half of your candle, allow it to set for 4 hours
  • When this time has elapsed it will be safe the repeat the same process again, adding your second colour & same fragrance
  • Ensure the wax is 60 degrees every time you pour the wax
  • With your second pour, remember to keep some wax spare to ‘top-off’ the candle, creating a smooth, even surface

2 colours (stripey): (you will need an extra cup for this method)

  • Half all of the measurements in step 1 (wax) & step 7 (colour & fragrance)
  • Follow the same instructions, however remember to check the wax every 30 seconds, as it will melt quicker
  • Once you have melted the first (bottom) part of your candle, you need to pour ½ of your mixture into the container (filling only 1/5 of your container), you should have half of your mixture left, pour this into a separate cup/jug/bowl.
  • Allow your first colour in your candle to set for 2 hours
  • When this time has elapsed it will be safe the repeat the same process again, adding your second colour & same fragrance
  • Remember to save half of your mixture from colour two – your candle container should now be 2/5 full (almost half)
  • Allow another 2 hours for the wax to completely harden
  • Now it’s time to add colour one again – so re-heat your colour one, ensure it’s 60 degrees before pouring & then leave to set for another 2 hours – your container should now be 3/5 full
  • Now for the last part; grab your remaining colour two, reheat & pour at 60 degrees – this is the last pour into your candle
  • Allow 2 hours for this to set & viola! Your candle should be stripey & looking great!

 

3 + colours:

  • If you think you are ready for a challenge, try a rainbow candle!
  • Use the same method as above, making sure you leave at least 1-2 hours between pouring the different colours – enjoy!