How to make Candles: Step by Step
Our candle making guide is a must read for beginners, the guide perfectly compliments our candle making kits as they contain all the key ingredients which are listed below.
• Cooker or heart source to melt the wax
• Container to melt the wax in such as a double boiler or a pan inside a pan
• Pouring jug
• Utensil to stir the wax
• Clothes/washing line pegs
Most of these items are available in our Miscellaneous section.
Now let’s get started with the exciting craft of candle making!
Step 1: Melting the wax – Open your bag of wax and empty into your heating pot. Gently heat your wax to 70°C whilst stirring gently. Do not exceed 80°C.
Step 2: Prepare the glasses – Whilst your wax is melting, wash candle glasses in hot water, ensure there are no foreign objects inside and the glasses fully dried. Stick on your candle safety label on the underside of your glass. Ensure they are left on a flat surface.
Step 3: Prepare the wicks – Carefully dip the wick sustainer into the molten wax, place the wick firmly in the centre of your glass and allow to the wax set the wick in place. Ensure your wicks are suspended tight and upright by using a clothes peg to grip the wick and rest across the glass.
Step 4: Colour – Once your wax has reached 70°C, open your bag of candle dye and empty into the molten wax. Stir gently until all the colour has dissolved and spread evenly. We suggest using 0.2%, therefore a 10 g bag of dye will colour 5 kg of paraffin wax. Vegetable waxes may require a higher loading.
Step 5: Fragrance – Once the dye is fully dissolved take your wax off the heat, regularly check the temperature until the wax reaches 65°C. Once the wax is at 65°C, open your bottle of fragrance and pour in. Gently stir the wax whilst pouring the fragrance. We suggest using up to 10% fragrance oil therefore 500 ml of fragrance oil will fragrant 5 kg of wax.
Step 6: Pouring – Now all your ingredients are mixed, your wax is at 65°C, it is time to pour the wax. Pour your molten wax out of the container and into a pouring jug. Slowly pour your wax into the candle glasses leaving cm from the top. It is important gently pour into your glasses to avoid air bubbles. Any leftover wax, pour back into your heating container, we will need this later.
Step 7: Setting – Wax naturally shrinks whilst cooling, this will cause a sink hole around the wick in the centre of the candle, don’t panic, this is an unavoidable part of candle making. Allow your candles to cool at room temperature to a point where they are still warm but not fully hardened. This should take around 20 – 30 minutes.
Step 8: Re-pour – Reheat the left over wax to 65°C and pour into your pouring jug. Gently pour the wax into the sink holes to leave a smooth flat surface. You may need to repeat this process 2 or 3 times to get a flat finished surface.
Step 9: Curing – Allow your candles to set over night, and you are done! Congratulations!
Please note, our candle making guide is a general starter guide for beginners into container candle making. Variations in waxes, fragrances and dyes can all effect the finished product, what works for some candles may not work work for others.
The key to great candle making is trial and error.